When Timor-Leste became independent from Indonesia in 2002 the country had high expectations for the benefits of self-rule. The gap between these hopes and the reality of Timor-Leste at independence is huge. The country is ranked amongst the least developed countries in the world, suffers widespread food insecurity and an extraordinary population growth rate. The new nation has found itself at the centre of international attention in the last decade, with one of the biggest interventions in UN history, as well as amongst the highest per capita rates of bilateral assistance in the Asia-Pacific region. While the enormous international engagement has many positive aspects, it brings commensurate challenges of coordination, integration and competition, as well as an arguably limited history of success.
This volume draws together the perspectives of practitioners, policy-makers and academics on the international efforts to rebuild the worlda (TM)s newest nation. The contributors consider issues of peace-building, security and justice sector reform as well as human security in Timor-Leste, locating these in the broader context of building nation, stability and development. Engaging in deliberate consideration of both practical and theoretical complexities of international interventions, this book will be of interest to academics and students in the fields of Development, Security and Southeast Asian Studies.
Vickram's life is shattered when he is orphaned due to a building collapse. He was barely twelve years old then. He works at a tea stall vendor along with another orphaned boy, Ravi, of his own age. Ravi too had lost his father and was living with his mother who worked as a maid for a living. She did not return one day and found herself in the missing persons list with the police. Vikram and Ravi both worked at the tea stall for some time then they had an opportunity to work at a construction site as assistants to a mason and a carpenter. Then fate took Vikram to work on a construction site where a multi storey structure was coming up on the very place he had his house. There he learns that the house where he was residing with his parents had come down due to poor construction and criminal negligence of the builders. He vows then and there that he will avenge his parents death. Vikram becomes an assistant to a mason and Ravi an assistant to a carpenter. They both work there in that multi-storey building construction. There they meet some of their long lost friends Iftequar, Manoj and Sarika. They too are the victims of that building collapse. Iftequar and Manoj work in a garage as a mechanic. They too want to assist Vikram to have his revenge on the builders but the sister of Iftequar, Shabnam, says to grow up first for that kind of thing. Vikram and Ravi gather study materials and want to continue their studies. After the completion of that building, Vikram and Ravi work independently as they are grown up boys then. They are offered a job in another famous construction company where they work with dedication and honesty to become supervisors. At that instance, Ravi comes to know of his mother. He is told that she died in a hospital after being in comatose condition for five years. Vikram and Ravi delve into her condition and how she came to that. They find that she was beaten up and raped before she was found unconscious in a railway platform. She was taken to the hospital by the police where she remained in coma for five years. For Ravi, who had thought that she had just abandoned him all along, was a devastating news. He also vows revenge on the perpetrators. Vikram also promises Ravi to hunt down those men who were responsible for her death. When Vikram and Ravi attain the age of twenty-five something, they set out on their own to work elsewhere with different builders and contractors. Vikram goes to work with the builder who had built the building where he was residing when he was a boy. He gets in touch with the builder's daughter. Vikram plans to use her and get his revenge. Ravi too works at different places but stays with Vikram in one apartment. From there they plan their strategy to have their respective revenge.
Aurelie Gfeller's text makes an original contribution to the analysis of French foreign policy making. A combination of archival research and clear prose sheds new light on the roots of nascent European political cooperation in the 1970s...She argues convincingly that, notwithstanding the short-lived nature of the Euro-Arab dialogue itself, this early chapter of European foreign policy cooperation bequeathed significant longer-term legacies for European policy coordination. * David Styan, Birkbeck College ...a good piece of work. The author adds important new insights into a crucial period in the development of European integration and does so in a fashion that is not afraid to advance challenging and controversial arguments...While at heart a national study which adds importantly to our understanding of European policy making in Paris, Gfeller's work is an exemplary piece of international historical research. * Piers Ludlow, London School of Economics ...an important contribution to understanding the evolution of French policy in the construction of Europe during a critical moment, 1973-74...The approach is revisionist in the sense that it challenges previous interpretations of these years as essentially static ones in the construction of Europe, and France's role as obstructing, or at least delaying progress toward a greater European voice in international relations. * John Kim Munholland, University of Minnesota The Arab-Israeli war of 1973, the first oil price shock, and France's transition from Gaullist to centrist rule in 1974 coincided with the United States' attempt to redefine transatlantic relations. As the author argues, this was an important moment in which the French political elite responded with an unprecedented effort to construct an internationally influential and internally cohesive European entity. Based on extensive multi-archival research, this study combines analysis of French policy making with an inquiry into the evolution of political language, highlighting the significance of the new concept of a political European identity. Aurelie Elisa Gfeller is a Swiss National Science Foundation Ambizione research fellow and a visiting lecturer at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland.
This book asks eight simple questions about your life. By following along and honestly answering these questions, it will guide you through to help you make decisions that will result in a happier you.
Do you want to become a better person?Do you want to make a better life for yourself?Do you know what it takes to be successful in college and in life?Building a Strong Foundation was written to provide a guide for those in search of success as it pertains to college and life. Not only does this book explain how students can position themselves to obtain a good job or graduate-school opportunity, but it also offers sound advice on the year-by-year challenges of college. In addition, Building a Strong Foundation includes interview questions, a râ€šsumâ€š template, and sample cover letters. The book's purpose is to inspire those who are on the brink of giving up, those who have low self-esteem, and those who are at a crossroads in life. No matter who you are or where you come from, Building a Strong Foundation presents many valuable lessons for continuing success in life.
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